A couple of centuries ago, shipwrecks happened more often than in the modern world. At that time, the ships did not have a high margin of safety. However, even today, large ships can suddenly go down, and emergency situations become the cause: stranded, storm, refusal of a fire from a spark plug cross reference, etc. Surviving in the oceans is much more difficult than on land. Because a person does not have the opportunity take shelter, build a fire, get food and water.
In life, you need to be prepared for everything. Not to panic and remain calm in any situation. You can find yourself on the high seas not only after a shipwreck. But also as a result of a plane crash, an accident on vacation. To survive in such a situation, you need to consider several important points.
What to do right away
Once in the water, do not fuss and make unnecessary movements. On land, activity helps to keep warm, but this method does not work on water. Here you will have to perform static exercises. Which consist in the simultaneous tension of opposite muscle groups.
First of all, you need to look around and look for some object that you can grab onto. If there is none nearby, then you will have to manage on your own. And swim away from the sinking ship so as not to fall into the funnel formed by it.
How to subdue panic
As you know, the salvation of drowning people is the work of the drowning people themselves, and this is somewhat true. Most of the victims who found themselves in a similar situation literally died of fear. Panic and horror prevented them from concentrating and making the right decision. Therefore, the most important thing is to calm down, restore breathing and think over your further actions.
What to do if there are injuries
Without a raft or a boat, one cannot hold out for a long time in the open ocean, because even a small scratch on the body will lead to sad consequences.
The fact is that the blood that has fallen into the water will instantly attract predators, no matter how far they are.
You can’t drive the shark away with your bare hands, but if you have a boat, you can scare it away with a stroke of the oar. Therefore, all further instructions will be calculated on the fact that the victim has some kind of swimming facility.
What can you drink and how to get fresh water
Salty sea water is not suitable for drinking, it provokes the development of severe kidney damage, causes severe vomiting and dehydration. You can drink it only as a last resort, no more than 600 g per day and no longer than three days.
How to get drinking water:
Rain is pure fresh water that you can drink. Unfortunately, it does not go to sea often, but it is imperative to seize the moment and collect rainwater in all available containers.
Incredibly, water can be obtained from marine fish, which is 60-70% liquid.
The condensate is also a good source of fresh water. During the night, a certain amount of liquid is always collected at the bottom of the boat, which can be collected and drunk.
Where to get food to survive
In the open sea it is difficult to think of what to eat, except for fish and small plankton. Fishing tackle will have to be made from available items. A primitive fishing rod can be made from a piece of rope or a piece of clothing, and a hook can be made from a tin can, a pin.
Caution while sleeping
Sleeping on the high seas is dangerous, especially when there is wind. You must tie yourself to a boat or raft so as not to fall into the water. As was the case with riva aquarama. This can be done with a rope or a durable piece of cloth.
Don’t stop hoping
The main thing in such a situation is not to give up and not lose hope for salvation. No need to despair, although it is not easy, but as soon as a person stops fighting for life and making plans for the future, he dies.